|Opening hours:||Daily from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. (6 p.m. during daylight savings time), including weekends and holidays.|
|Duration of the Visit||2 days.|
|Address||Estrada da Cascatinha, 850 – Alto da Boa Vista|
Once in Rio, you don’t have to travel far for nature. In the heart of the city is the huge Tijuca National Park. In the language of the Tupi tribes that inhabited the coast of Brazil before the arrival of the Portuguese, the name “Tijuca” is translated as “marsh”.
It is the largest forested area on the planet, located within the city limits, its area is more than 32 square kilometers. The park contains the main symbols of Brazil: Mount Corcovado and the statue of Christ the Redeemer.
A little about the history of the Tijuca forest
The Tijuca forest looks like a real one. But it is known that it was completely recreated from scratch by human hands. There used to be a virgin forest here until these areas began to be used as plantations for growing cocoa beans and sugar cane. Due to problems with freshwater, soil erosion, which arose due to a rough invasion of nature, by order of the mayor, the lands began to be re-planted with vegetation. For ten years of work, about a hundred trees have been planted, growing in the Atlantic forests. Over the next years, the Tijuca forest in Rio de Janeiro has grown a lot by itself. It became thick to such an extent that inside it formed its own microclimate with a low temperature.
The forest was planted by the order of the Brazilian ruler Pedro II. At that time, several dozen slaves were engaged in this business. And in 1961, the Tijuca forest in Rio de Janeiro was declared a national park.
The main attractions of the Tijuca park
The already mentioned mountain Corcovado is a massif reaching 710 meters in height. This is the best vantage point from which you can see the city at a glance. The slope in the south is completely indented with routes for mountaineers.
Almost immediately after you enter the park, you will come across a large Tone waterfall. In total, the Tijuca forest is decorated with about 30 natural waterfalls, including the famous Cascatinha waterfall.
You should look into the small Mayrink chapel with a magnificent interior painting, take a breath in the pagoda-pagoda in Vista Chinesa, admire the old Alcantara bridge. On the territory of the Tijuca forest, there is also the rock of Pedra da Gavea, which drops right into the ocean. All this awaits the visitor, not to mention the numerous benches, fountains, and decorative elements placed for your comfortable stay.
The park has about 150 hiking trails and many bridges, observation platforms so that everyone who comes can admire the richest flora and fauna. There are signposts everywhere and the paths are marked, so don’t be afraid to get lost.
How to get to Tijuca Park in Rio?
The entrance to the park is free. The Tijuca forest receives its guests every day from 08.00 to 17.00, and in the summer until 18.00. At your service are restaurants and cafes with delicious food and, most importantly, with a panoramic view of Tijuca Park. Os Esquilos, for example, occupies no less than a former baronial house.
Without a bicycle or a car, the park can be reached by public transport by buses No. 301, 333, 308, 309, 345.