So, you have found the love of your life, but it is ironically located on the other side of the world. You want to get married in Brazil, what documents do you need for this? How long does it take to do all this?
STEP 1. Documents collections
The documents, which are necessary to the Brazilian:
- Proof of identity (RG)
- Individual tax number (CPF);
- Birth certificate issued for a period not exceeding 6 months;
- Proof of residence (water, electricity, gas or telephone bill for the last month.
List of documents, if you were previously married:
- Birth certificate.
- Police clearance certificate
- Individual tax number (CPF)
- Certificate that you are not married in your home country
- Certificate of divorce.
- A document confirming that all material issues during the dissolution of the previous marriage were resolved.
- Proof of residence in Brazil (water, electricity, gas or telephone bill for the last month).
ATTENTION! All documents must be issued no more than 6 months ago.
Also, when you are marrying in Brazil, TWO witnesses are needed to provide their RG and CPF. They need to be with you during the filling of documents and during your ceremony
Submission of documents takes place at the local registry office, cartório. To be married, you must pay a fee. In every state and city, it is different. Starts from about $ 25 to $ 125. When getting married in a church or other place, not in a cartorio, you need to pay about $ 18.
Here is a small example for the largest states. Prices are approximate:
- Rio de Janeiro from $ 43;
- Sao Paulo from $ 97;
- Minas Gerais from $ 50.
STEP 2. Documents legalization and translation
Okay, you have collected all the documents. What’s next? Further, the legalization of documents is needed.
What is legalization?
Legalization is a procedure for confirming that a document issued by the state authorities complies with the legislation of this state.
Since August 14, 2016, Brazil joined the Hague Apostille Convention therefore, all documents must be apostilled in order for these documents to be valid in Brazil.
How to apostille documents?
It’s very simple: you just need to contact the appropriate authority, which does apostille, and pay the fee. The instance depends on the type of document:
- documents issued by the registry office are apostilled at the main office of the registry office of the region in which they were issued;
- police clearance certificate: apostille is placed in the Ministry of Internal Affairs or through the portal of the State Service). The Ministry of Internal Affairs issues police clearance certificates and apostilles them;
- documents on education (certificates, diplomas, etc.): the apostille is put by the Ministry of Education and Science;
Apostille should be placed on all the documents that you will receive in your home country.
Translation of documents
You have already apostilled all documents. It remains to translate them into Portuguese. Some sites offer this translation already in your home country.
Translation of documents into Portuguese can only be performed by a specially certified translator approved by the Brazilian authorities!
STTEP 3. SUBMISSION OF DOCUMENTS. REGISTRATION OF WEDDING
So, the documents have been collected and translated. What’s next?
There is no bride visa in Brazil. In order to get married in Brazil, you just have to come as a tourist.
By the way, upon arrival in the country you will be given some kind of border crossing document. Most likely, you will be given it on the plane, or already at the airport. And most likely you fill in the data yourself: name, date of birth, passport number, date of crossing the border, etc. Save this document, it is required when submitting documents to the registry office! It confirms that you are legally in the country!
Documents, as already mentioned, are submitted at the local registry office, cartorio. Having collected all the documents in a heap, together with your witnesses, go to the cartorio and apply for a marriage. You need to pay the fee there. And then …. wait 40 to 60 days for the local judge to give permission for the wedding. And then, they will call you from the cartorio and say that permission has been given and you can come and choose the date of the wedding.
STEP 4. Apply for a residence permit
After getting married, go to Policia Federal. There you give only your marriage certificate, passport, CPF and issue RNE, Registro nacional de estrangeiros / National registration of foreigners. Pay $ 30. This is now your “passport” (but not citizenship!), which you will use when processing other documents (labor book, bank card) and other things. With this RNE you have almost the same rights as Brazilians, including to work, except for:
- work at state enterprises
- restrictions on certain real estate transactions.
And there are a couple more restrictions, but there are political areas.
Upon marriage, you will receive a permanent visa, the RNE card itself will be valid for 10 years, then simply reissue
After getting married a year later (not 4 or 5 as before), you have the right to apply for Brazilian citizenship. During the year, you have the right to leave the country no more than 30 days at a time and no more than 90 days a year. If you have exceeded this limit, then the year for obtaining citizenship is updated, i.e. you will have to wait a year again after exceeding the possible timeframe for leaving Brazil.
And so you can safely live out of statelessness, this type of visa allows you to stay in Brazil permanently without any restrictions.
With this type of visa, when applying for a job, there will be no special conditions for registration. Just bring the RNE, CPF, and labor book and you’re done. Well, get a medical checkup if necessary.
This is what the same “Brazilian foreign passport” looks like